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Product Architecture - The Core of Reinventing Product Ecosystems

Drishya Nair

Growth of businesses are strongly pillared on innovation, operational excellence and higher customer satisfaction. Undoubtedly, every businesses are driven by software products and this impels products to be high-performing, robust and functionally innovative.

However, software product development is quite a challenging task. Some of them can be battling with project infrastructural issues, requirement volatility, undefined quality standards, product architecture and similar.

A standardized product roadmap should be defined to align product teams and multiple key stakeholders to take informed decisions and meet pressing consumer needs. That’s where product engineering plays a key role.

Product engineering covers every aspect of product development lifecycle (PDLC): from ideation, discovery, design thinking, product architecture, development to deployment using best of breed technologies, framework and methodologies.

A Quick Peek on Product Engineering Phases

Product engineering streamlines the product development process following the PDLC . It takes care of the entire PDLC from the product ideation, architecture development, design, development, testing, to maintenance and performance tuning.


Product Engineering services can strategically help you transform your business performance and cultivate customer-centric approach through product innovations.

Each phase of the product engineering can address the needs of the product development required to achieve product excellence. However, product architecture is the heart of any product development.

The Nitty-Gritty of Product Architecture

Product architecture is a pillar to develop a product and nurture it with great features that helps take faster decisions, reduce risks and overcome repeatable errors occurring in Software Development Life Cycle. Architecture serves as a blueprint, where some components or subsystems of product architecture can be customized or reused or evolved as per business and product development needs.

A good architecture consists of programming language, configurations, tools and technology stack and deployment environment that ensures security, performance and interoperability of the software product.

As per an old adage, “You can’t built a great building on a weak architecture, You must have a solid architecture in order to have a strong superstructure”.

Therefore, to deploy a powerful software, teams must start taking advantage of multiple architectural designs that optimizes each module of their system and delivers faster and high performing application.

  • Layered (or multilayered architecture)

    This architecture works on MVC architectural approach where the view layer is often dynamically embedded using CSS, JavaScript or HTML. It’s common for different programmers to work independently on different layers.

    Architectural Aids: Easy to test, focus on each layer individually, upgradeable

  • Client-server (2-tier, 3-tier, n-tier, cloud computing exhibit this style)

    In this type of architecture, teams can create multiple tiers, like – 2-tier, 3-tier or 4-tier for distributed programing. The three basic layers of its functioning includes presentation, logical and database layer. Cache layer can be added into an existing layer to speed up the performance.

    Architectural Aids: Scale easily, reusable, easily distributed

  • Monolithic architecture

    Monolithic architecture works on single code base with multiple modules, each modules focusing on different technical features. However, longer codes makes Integrated development environment slow, increases built-time and scaling becomes complicated.

    Architectural Aids: small and focused, self-contained

  • Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)

    SOA is a distributed architecture built on-demand business requirement or individual function coupled with services irrespective of same language or platform. The main objective of using this service is to structure procedures by creating a service-level mechanism for security and governance.

    Architectural Aids: Platform-neutral approach, interoperability, independent

  • Microservices architecture

    Microservices is an architectural structure that collectively manages small autonomous services responsibly. It is modelled with respect to business requirements which manages discrete tasks as an active communicator between multiple critical services through simpler API.

    Architectural Aids: Highly scalable, loosely coupled, independently deployed

Some of the salient features to create a robust and reliable architecture are:

  • Scalability: Explore the compatibility, customization and reach
  • Availability: Interoperability, manage application’s run time and down time
  • Disaster recovery: Delve into nature of deployment model i.e. cloud or on-premise
  • Security: Identify and resolve data or infrastructural limitations
  • Cost: Allocate and utilize budget accordingly
  • Design and functionalities: Easy to use, reliable and rapid functioning
  • Extended capabilities: Open to scaling and expansion

Product engineering leaders at Cygnet are backed with architectural, agile-driven product design and development practices, and quality assurance benchmarks that help reducing your investment and turnaround time. Get in touch with our product experts on +1-609-245-0971 or drop us an email at inquiry@cygnetinfotech.com.

Drishya Nair

Drishya Nair is a content writer at Cygnet Infotech. She is a computer engineer turned writer who stumbled onto her love for researching, marketing and branding. She is passionate about lending her voice to providing insights on technology and critical business challenges. When not writing, you will find her at a local restaurant exploring different cuisines or chasing stray cats down the corner.

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